Why Some Wines Age Better Than Others

Wine that hasn’t been aged is no more than fruit juice. Wine that has been aged too long tastes vinegary and too tart. Like Goldilocks, you want your wine to be just right. Still, some wines age better than others. Here’s why.

Aging wine is dependent on a chemical process called oxidation – the interaction between oxygen and the acids, alcohol and polyphenols (things like tannins, color pigments and other flavor compounds) in the original juice. Phenols are particularly important, as a higher concentration of phenols and a deep color usually means the wines will spend more time in the aging process, leading to deep flavors with subtle differences due to the original strain or blend of grapes.

Terroir – the environment in which the grape is grown – includes factors such as climate, elevation and ground qualities. The same grape variety grown in a different terrior will produce a completely different wine. Terrior also has a strong effect on tannins, and the ripeness of a tannin is a major factor in how well a wine ages. Terrior and the richness of the soil also affect yield, as the grapes and their vines actually compete for nutrients. Higher yields typically mean fewer phenols. Finally, older grape vines tend to produce better-quality grapes.

Wine-Making Variations
Beyond the variety, environment and growing process, the wine-making process also makes a difference. For example, the length of time the grapes are left to macerate after they are crushed affects the amount of phenols extracted, as does the temperature at which the grapes are macerated. Adding sulfur dioxide limits oxidation but is necessary to the process; the amount and timing are critical. Filtration, yeasts and whether to age in oak barrels (including how new the barrels are) all affect wine aging.

There’s always anticipation when you open a wine bottle. Even when everything seems to be right, a wine may not age well. In other cases, a wine low in tannins and pale in color (which usually means it will age poorly) turns out to be surprisingly good 30 years later. The longest-lived white wines are found among Sauternes, German Beerenauslesen and Tokaji. Burgundies and Bordeaux are the classic red wines, while the wine known as Condrieu is not very suitable for aging in the bottle. Wine-making is an art because there are so many different factors that affect aging.


Nonprofits–Not Just Big Orgs and Polticians–Need to Strive for Transparency

Access to information in today’s day and age is unparalleled; most anything we want or need to learn is available at the tips of our fingers, just a few taps on a laptop or cellphone away. We can learn that the population of Zambia is about 14.54 million; we can learn that Mercury takes about 88 days to orbit the sun, and we can learn that Bill Gates has a net worth of about $84 billion. All important in the grand scheme of things, no doubt, but what’s more important is the information readily available to all of us pertaining to the businesses around us–or at least, the information available in a best case scenario.


With this increased access to information, the necessity for businesses and high profile individuals to increase their level of transparency has risen. Unfiltered access to information about an organization can lead to a stronger public opinion and more fluid collaboration between businesses. While not all organizations are jumping aboard the transparency train, those who are have seen tangible benefits.


While we’ve heard the call this political season for transparency on behalf of those in politics, and we’ve heard people voice time and time again the necessity for big businesses to increase their levels of transparency to benefit both mankind and consumers, we often neglect the importance of transparency in the world of nonprofits.


Transparency becomes an issue when a lack of it leads to scandals like the one that rocked the Cancer Fund of America not long ago. The discovery that millions of donated dollars were being misused on personal items worked to effectively shut down the charity permanently. And on top of reflecting poorly on the charity itself, it called into question just how the funds were being used at other charities.


It wouldn’t be difficult to imagine that people would be a bit more hesitant to donate their money immediately following a scandal of that magnitude–it’s been shown in the past that even seemingly reputable charities have had their fair share of issues with transparency and ethical dealings.


This is precisely why it’s so important that nonprofits around the globe open their organizations to the public as effectively as possible. A study done by Georgetown University found that charities who are open and honest with their operations could see a rise in donations. As an organization opens itself to the public, the public will begin to build trust, which, for a nonprofit, can make all the difference.


vinowineapp: Ok, #Thanksgiving is over. BACK TO THE…


Ok, #Thanksgiving is over. BACK TO THE WINERIES!!😜📲🍷

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